Culture – set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that define a group of people, such as the people of a particular region. Planned architecture manipulates space, volume, texture, light, shadow, or abstract elements in order to achieve pleasing aesthetics This distinguishes it from applied science or engineering , which usually concentrate more on the functional and feasibility aspects of the design of constructions or structures.
ARTS (Accelerating and Rescaling Transitions to Sustainability) is a three year long research project, funded by the European Commission through the FP7 programme, to understand how transition initiatives can accelerate sustainability transitions in the five European city-regions of Brighton, Budapest, Dresden, Genk, and Stockholm.
On the other hand, crafts and design are sometimes considered applied art Some art followers have argued that the difference between fine art and applied art has more to do with value judgments made about the art than any clear definitional difference.
Following Duchamp during the first half of the twentieth century, a significant shift to general aesthetic theory took place which attempted to apply aesthetic theory between various forms of art, including the literary arts and the visual arts, to each other.
Major constituents of the arts include literature – including poetry , novels and short stories , and epics ; performing arts – among them music , dance , and theatre ; culinary arts such as baking , chocolatiering , and winemaking ; media arts like photography and cinematography , and visual arts – including drawing , painting , ceramics , and sculpting Some art forms combine a visual element with performance (e.g. film ) and the written word (e.g. comics ).