Types of Solvents Used in Industries and their Differences
When it comes to industrial cleaning products, there are so many different varieties you can choose from and each one of them has its own unique purpose or use. One of the most commonly used is solvents. The fact is even cleaning solvents can be different from one another and by far, there are more than a couple of different types. The three kinds of industrial cleaning solvents, at least the most commonly known varieties, are oxygenated, hydrocarbon, and halogenated. Now if you’re responsible for purchasing the right industrial cleaning solvent, it is important that you first learn what the attributes and features of each solvent are.
1 – Oxygenated Solvent
This particular solvent is exclusively produced by distilling components from chemicals. The idea is to create the ideal balance and consistency for the production of the end product. Perhaps the most important attribute of oxygenated solvent is its superbly high rate of purity as a result of a careful and advanced refinement process. For the most part, excess water as well as the littlest signs of particulate matter are removed. The most known industrial cleaning supplies that belong to this category include glycol ethers, ketones, and alcohol.
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2 – Hydrocarbon Type of Solvents
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The next type of industrial solvent called hydrocarbon solvents contain what their names say, which is special hydrocarbons. The solvent’s composition allows it to be an ideal option for an extensive range of cleaning needs. This solvent is likewise more complex to produce compared to the first type of solvent we discussed. The complexity is apparent in some of its characteristics, including aromatic quality, solute composition, color, and flashpoint. So far, the most renowned examples of hydrocarbon solvents are petroleum ether, benzene, and turpentine. But then again, you have to be particularly cautious about using hydrocarbon solvents for industrial cleaning since some types can emit hazardous air pollutants.
3 – Halogenated Type of Solvents
Halogenated solvents are literally still hydrocarbon, but the difference is that they have been subjected to some kind of chlorinating process. In terms of aroma, it’s easy to distinguish solvents considered as halogenated because they are more pungent. This kind of solvent is highly effective, too, putting it in the same league as the previous two we discussed. Today, the most sought after and commonly used halogenated solvents are chlorobenzene, dichloromethane, and trichloroethylene. But because this solvent is still technically considered as hydrocarbon, it means that it also could potentially emit HAPs.
At the day’s end, the type of industrial solvent you decide to use basically depends on the kind of industry you belong. Obviously, you also will have to factor in the specific use of the industrial solvent. It’s also important to choose solvents for cleaning that don’t emit anything harmful to the environment.